When gingival recession occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial invasion and soft tissue trauma. In such situations gum reconstruction by employing grafting techniques is recommended.
The exposed root surfaces, which are softer than tooth enamel, increase risk of root caries and root abrasion.
In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. Gum recession can predispose to progressive recession. The exposed root surfaces, which are softer than tooth enamel, can lead to root caries and root abrasion. Gingival grafting can also be employed to facilitate the cosmetic result of operative and restorative procedures provided by the dentist.
A thin piece of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth or gently moved over from adjacent areas to provide a stable band of attached gingiva around the tooth. Gum allografts and gum substitutes prevent the need for garnering the patient’s own tissue and can dramatically reduce the post- operative discomfort. Most of the times donor tissue is used to avoid cutting into patient’s palate and, thus, decreasing post-operative discomfort. This tissue is placed over the prepared recession site and secured with sutures. Sometimes patient’s own gum tissue is used for this procedure.
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